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What is Diaper Rash?
Diaper rash is a common form of inflamed skin that appears as a patch of bright red skin on your baby’s bottom. It is often related to wet or infrequently changed diapers, skin sensitivity, and chafing. It usually clears up with simple at-home treatments such as air drying, frequent diaper changes, and topical applications. If it does not, do visit your doctor. Also, visit the doctor if the rash is severe or unusual, bleeds, itches, oozes, causes burning or pain with urination or bowel movement, and/or is accompanied by fever.
What triggers it?
Diaper rash can be caused by different sources, including irritation from stool and urine; chafing or rubbing; irritation from a new product; bacterial or yeast (fungal) infection; introduction of new foods; skin sensitivity; and use of antibiotics. Actually evidence points out to a bigger role of faecal matter in triggering the rash. It is essential to use a mild cleanser to wash the perineal area after child passes stool. Usage of disposable pant style diapers also increases the risk.
Babies get a diaper rash more often when they get older (between 9 and 12 months of age), sleep in soiled diapers, have diarrhea, and start eating solid foods.
How is it diagnosed?
Diaper rash is characterized by skin signs (red, tender-looking skin around the buttocks, thighs, and genitals) and changes in the baby’s disposition.
The best treatment for diaper rash is to keep the baby’s skin as clean and dry as possible. Dr. Divya Sharma is an advocate of ABCD regimen to prevent diaper rash.( Please watch this video to know more about diaper rash)
If home treatment does not work, your doctor may prescribe a mild hydrocortisone (steroid) cream; an antifungal cream (if required); topical or oral antibiotics, if the baby has a bacterial infection;
Diaper rashes usually require several days to improve, and the rash may come back repeatedly. If the rash persists despite prescription treatment, your doctor may recommend a visit to a dermatologist.
Prevention or Care
The best way to prevent diaper rash is to keep the diaper area clean and dry.
Change diapers often. Remove wet or dirty diapers promptly. Rinse the baby’s bottom with warm water as part of each diaper change. Do not use wipes with alcohol or fragrance. Gently pat the skin dry with a clean towel or let it air dry; do not scrub. Do not overtighten diapers. Avoid using diapers all the time. Consider using ointment during each diaper change. Use diapers that are larger than usual until the rash goes away. Avoid items containing baking soda, boric acid, camphor, phenol, benzocaine, diphenhydramine, or salicylates. Until the rash clears up, daily bath with warm water and mild, fragrance-free soap can help.
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