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Dark circles or Periorbital Hypermelanosis is one of the most common skin concerns faced by both men and women. While women often resort to concealers to hide them, men are often left with no choice but to carry on with these circles. But apart from makeup, is there a solution to this problem which not just takes away the fresh look from your face but also makes you look older than your age.
Before we find out about the solutions, let us first understand the types and causes of dark circles.
Different Kinds of Dark Circles:
Pigmented Dark Circles
Pigmented or Pigmentary Dark Circles are caused when our skin over produces melanin and does not distribute it properly. As the skin near the eye region is extremely thin compared to the rest of the body, an excess melanin is easily visible. Pigmented dark circles are usually either dark brown or black in color.
Vascular Dark Circles
Improper circulation of blood and lymphatic liquid around the eye region can cause accumulation of pigment in the thin eye area and cause vascular dark circles. These are usually characterised by blue, pink or purple color.
Structural Dark CIrcles
This kind of dark circle has to do more with structural problems and not dark circles. Loss of fat around the eye region can lead to depression which in turn creates a shadow effect. This shadow is often mistaken as dark circles.
Causes of Dark Circles
Inadequate sleep,sleeping for long hours, rubbing your eyes and smoking are some of the unhealthy habits that cause dark circles
Age is another prominent factor that leads to loss of fats which creates depression around the eye region to cause dark circles.
Straining the Eye
Working for long hours in front of the computer screens can strain your eyes which enlarges the blood vessels surrounding the eye region and causes the thin layer of skin around the eye to darken.
Allergic reactions can trigger the blood vessels near the eye region to dilate. As mentioned earlier that the skin in this region is the thinnest, the dilation can lead to dark circles.
Believe it or not, your genes can also be responsible for your dark circles. Hereditary dark circles run in the family for generations and get passed on. So if your parents or grandparents have dark circles then chances are that the darkness around your eyes is a Hereditary dark circle.
Available Treatment Options for Dark Circles
To get a more permanent solution for your dark circles, it is advised to opt for aesthetic treatments that are both safe and effective. Some of the treatment options available are:
Since the eye region is sensitive, we ensure that careful priming of the skin is done. GA 20% and Lactic Acid 15% is used at Dr. Divya’s Skin and Hair Solutions.
At our clinic we use FDA approved Spectra Q Switched pulse to help address periorbital hyperpigmentation or dark circles. The number of sessions required for your concern is decided by Dr. Divya Sharma.
Under eye fillers are also known to provide satisfactory results. These are particularly helpful in 3-D reshaping of the periorbital area.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
In case you are suffering from tear trough deformity then platelet rich plasma is a treatment which you can opt for.
Along with the medical treatments, Topical Applications like Tyrosinase inhibitors like Kojic acid, azelaic acid and arbutin and Vitamin C can also help to a great extent to address this concern.
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